Q.1. As you know that Tracer route is a network utility program to check the status of specific system on
network, you are required to find the route of www.yahoo.com by using tracer route command explain all output provided by trace route command.
C:Documents and SettingsPaktutorial>tracert www.yahoo.com
Tracing route to eu-fp3.wa1.b.yahoo.com [126.96.36.199]
over a maximum of 30 hops:
1 * * * Request timed out.
2 52 ms 74 ms 64 ms 172.31.18.26
3 63 ms 74 ms 59 ms 172.31.18.50
4 59 ms 84 ms 54 ms tw23-static125.tw1.com [188.8.131.52]
5 72 ms 85 ms 84 ms tw255-static145.tw1.com [184.108.40.206]
6 88 ms 100 ms 129 ms tw255-static193.tw1.com [220.127.116.11]
7 209 ms 219 ms 219 ms atm9-0-0.1877.gw2.par4.alter.net [18.104.22.168]
8 198 ms 209 ms 209 ms so-4-1-0.XT1.PAR2.ALTER.NET [22.214.171.124]
9 338 ms 249 ms 255 ms POS2-0.BR1.PAR2.ALTER.NET [126.96.36.199]
10 224 ms 224 ms 199 ms unknown.Level3.net [188.8.131.52]
11 271 ms 209 ms 254 ms ae-52-52.csw2.Paris1.Level3.net [184.108.40.206]
12 229 ms 224 ms 199 ms ae-59-224.ebr2.Paris1.Level3.net [220.127.116.11]
13 218 ms 229 ms 224 ms ae-6-6.car1.Dublin3.Level3.net [18.104.22.168]
14 214 ms 264 ms 329 ms ae-7-7.car2.Dublin1.Level3.net [22.214.171.124]
15 242 ms 274 ms 234 ms 126.96.36.199
16 223 ms 229 ms 249 ms ae-2.msr1.ird.yahoo.com [188.8.131.52]
17 287 ms 299 ms 253 ms te-7-4.bas-b1.ird.yahoo.com [184.108.40.206]
18 232 ms 219 ms 239 ms ir1.fp.vip.ird.yahoo.com [220.127.116.11]
Q.2. You have been asked to wire a conference room with seven computers for a demonstration after a day. It needs to be done quickly and with lowest possible expenses. What network topology is best suited to this situation and why? Justify your answer with solid reasons?
Star Topology is the most common type of network topology that is used in homes and offices. In the Star Topology there is a central connection point called the hub which is a computer hub or sometimes just a switch. In a Star Network the best advantage is when there is a failure in cable then only one computer might get affected and not the entire network.
The Star Network Topology typically needs more cable to be networked than the usual Bus topology. A common cable that is used in Star Network is the UTP or the unshielded twisted pair cable. Another common cable that is used in star networks is the RJ45 or the Ethernet cables.
In a Star Network the entire network is dependant on the hub so if the entire network is not working then there could be a problem with the hub. This feature makes it easy to troubleshoot by offering a single point for error connection ad at the same time the dependency is also very high on that single point.
Star Topology Advantages
• A Star Network Topology is very easy to manage because of its simplicity in functionality.
• The problems can be easily located logically in a Star Topology and therefore is easy to troubleshoot also.
• The Star Topology is very simple in format so it is very easy to expand on the Star Topology.