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ENG101 Assignment 1 Solution Spring 2017

Q1. Word formation denotes the processes of creation of new lexical units. It also refers to the ways in which new words are made on the basis of other words or morphemes. There are a number of methods of word formation including affixes, compounding, blending, clipping, acronyms, backformation, conversion, etc. Read the given paragraph carefully and categorize the underlined words accordingly by filling the tables given below.  (10*1=10 Marks)

The 52-year-old, well-poised and proud lady, who is fully dressed this morning by eight o’clock, with her hair fashionably coifed and makeup perfectly applied, moved to UCLA in smog today for her joining as hostel warden. Her room was not ready so she started to wait in the lobby. She got a newspaper there and started to read it. There she read an article about the human rights of the employees of the nylon industry. She started to send a fax to the government as she has been actively involved in many human rights campaigns. After many hours of waiting patiently in the lobby, she smiled sweetly when told her room was ready. As she maneuvered her walker to the elevator, I provided a visual description of her tiny room, including the eyelet sheets that had been hung on her window. “I love it,” she stated with the enthusiasm of an eight-year-old having just been presented with a new puppy.

Compounds Acronyms Clipping Blending Affixation Coinage
           
           
           
           
           

 

Q2. The main idea is the central or the most important idea in a paragraph or a passage. It states the purpose and sets the direction of the paragraph or passage. The main idea statement must be like the “umbrella” sentence. Read the given paragraphs carefully. Each paragraph is followed by four statements. Select the statement that best expresses the main idea.                                                                                                                            (5*2=10 Marks)

  1. The fact that electronic computers are now used for data processing has led the general public to believe that it is a mysterious, complicated science and that the computers are giant brains. Both of these ideas are false. A computer is basically just a high-speed adding machine that performs the functions it is told to. If the input data are varied even a little, the computer is unable to operate until it is programmed to accept the variations. The business operations it performs are impressive only because of the extremely high speed of manipulation, but most of these operations have been used for decades. Unlike man, the computer performs repetitive calculations without getting tired or bored.
  1. A computer is a high-speed adding machine.
  2. A computer is a mysterious giant brain.
  3. A computer is impressive because of its high speed.
  4. A computer is superior to man in many ways.
  1. Ali loves to play games. His favorite game is chess because it requires a great deal of thought. Ali also likes to play less demanding board games that are based mostly on luck.  He prefers Monopoly because it requires luck and skill. If he is done, Ali likes to play action video games as long as they aren’t too violent.

What is the main idea of the above passage?

  1. Ali dislikes violence.
  2. Ali likes to think.
  3. Ali enjoys Monopoly.
  4. Ali enjoys playing games.
  1. How far is it to the Sun? It’s so far that it’s hard to comprehend. In actual distance, it’s approximately 93 million miles. The distance changes slightly as the Earth travels around the Sun. Suppose it were possible to take a jetliner there. Traveling at a little over 550 mph, it would take nearly 20 years to get there. Even if you could travel at 25,000 mph, it would take five months to reach the Sun.
  1. How far is it to the sun?
  2. It’s so far to the Sun that it’s hard to comprehend.
  3. In actual distance, it’s approximately 93 million miles to the Sun.
  4. It takes a long time to get to the Sun, no matter how you travel.
  1. In several states across the nation, there has been successful drive to end “social promotion.” In other words, children who do not achieve the required score on a standardized test will no longer be promoted to the next grade. Instead, they will have to repeat the grade they have finished. Yet despite the calls for ending social promotion many of them from politicians looking for a crowd-pleasing issue, there is little evidence that making children repeat a grade has a positive effect. If anything, research suggests that forcing children to repeat a grade hurts rather than helps their academic performance. In 1989, University of Georgia Professor Thomas Holms surveyed sixty-three studies that compared the performance of kids who had repeated a grade with those who had received a social promotion. Holms found that most of the children who had repeated a grade had a poorer record of academic performance than the children who had been promoted despite poor test scores. A similar study of New York City children in the 1980s revealed that the children who repeated a grade were more likely to drop out upon reaching high school. The call to end social promotion may have a nice ring to it in political speeches. Yet there is little indication that it does students any real good.

 

  1. Across the country, many states have abolished the policy of “social promotion.
  2. A similar study of New York City children in the 1980s revealed that the children who repeated a grade were more likely to drop out upon reaching high school.
  3. Yet there is little indication that it does students any real good.
  4. In 1989, University of Georgia Professor Thomas Holms surveyed sixty-three studies that compared the performance of kids who had repeated a grade with those who had received a social promotion.

 

  1. Novels and short stories are types of fiction. Drama is another example. Fairy tales and fables are also fiction. It is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact.
  1. There are many types of literature.
  2. Novels, short stories, drama, fairy tales and fables are types of fiction.
  3. Fiction is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact.
  4. Novels and short stories are types of fiction.

 

Solution Question No.1:

Compounds Acronyms Clipping Blending Affixation Coinage
Well-poised UCLA Fax Smog Fashionably Nylon
Makeup       Sweetly  
Eyelet sheets          
Eight-year-old          

 

Question No.2:

The main idea is the central or the most important idea in a paragraph or a passage. It states the purpose and sets the direction of the paragraph or passage. The main idea statement must be like the “umbrella” sentence. Read the given paragraphs carefully. Each paragraph is followed by four statements. Select the statement that best expresses the main idea.

The fact that electronic computers are now used for data processing has led the general public to believe that it is a mysterious, complicated science and that the computers are giant brains. Both of these ideas are false. A computer is basically just a high-speed adding machine that performs the functions it is told to. If the input data are varied even a little, the computer is unable to operate until it is programmed to accept the variations. The business operations it performs are impressive only because of the extremely high speed of manipulation, but most of these operations have been used for decades. Unlike man, the computer performs repetitive calculations without getting tired or bored.

A computer is a high-speed adding machine.

Ali loves to play games. His favorite game is chess because it requires a great deal of thought. Ali also likes to play less demanding board games that are based mostly on luck.  He prefers Monopoly because it requires luck and skill. If he is done, Ali likes to play action video games as long as they aren’t too violent.

Main idea: Ali enjoys playing games.

How far is it to the Sun? It’s so far that it’s hard to comprehend. In actual distance, it’s approximately 93 million miles. The distance changes slightly as the Earth travels around the Sun. Suppose it were possible to take a jetliner there. Traveling at a little over 550 mph, it would take nearly 20 years to get there. Even if you could travel at 25,000 mph, it would take five months to reach the Sun.

Main idea: It’s so far to the Sun that it’s hard to comprehend

In several states across the nation, there has been successful drive to end “social promotion.” In other words, children who do not achieve the required score on a standardized test will no longer be promoted to the next grade. Instead, they will have to repeat the grade they have finished. Yet despite the calls for ending social promotion many of them from politicians looking for a crowd-pleasing issue, there is little evidence that making children repeat a grade has a positive effect. If anything, research suggests that forcing children to repeat a grade hurts rather than helps their academic performance. In 1989, University of Georgia Professor Thomas Holms surveyed sixty-three studies that compared the performance of kids who had repeated a grade with those who had received a social promotion. Holms found that most of the children who had repeated a grade had a poorer record of academic performance than the children who had been promoted despite poor test scores. A similar study of New York City children in the 1980s revealed that the children who repeated a grade were more likely to drop out upon reaching high school. The call to end social promotion may have a nice ring to it in political speeches. Yet there is little indication that it does students any real good.

across the country, many states have abolished the policy of “social promotion”.

Novels and short stories are types of fiction. Drama is another example. Fairy tales and fables are also fiction. It is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact.

Fiction is a type of narrative writing that comes from the imagination of the author rather than from history or fact.

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