Q1. Making inferences is important for understanding the context. Look at the following picture and write a short imaginary story of 350-400 words using the inference technique.
Ayesha was a brilliant student. She was the only daughter of her family. Everyone used to look upto her great future. She was very intelligent and industrious by birth. She topped in every exam. When she was in the 8th Class, She had a great challenge to maintain his position in class because all the children in his class were industrious and committed to their study. She accepted this challenge and started to study with keen interest.
She got up early in the morning, said prayers, recited Holy Quran and took some exercise. Then she started to study her books. After that, she took breakfast and leave home for school. In Morning she joined school with full enthusiasms. She also took part in extra circular activities. She was best in badminton. She was good speaker. In every respect she was an embodiment of perfect girl.
When she attended her class, she took keen interest in lectures. She heard teacher voice with full devotion to understand her lesson. She made questions whenever, she felt difficulty in her lesson. She was very creative mind and study things deeply and conceptually. She sat in front line to better understand her lesson. She was social and cooperative with other students. She helped those, who felt difficulties in their studies. She never felt shy to ask questions and got help from companion students, whenever she felt difficulties in her studies.
Exam date was announced and she started to revise her syllabus. She completed the revision before the commencement of exam. She was satisfied with her preparation for exam. At last the exam started and she appeared in her first paper. When the paper was distributed in hall, like other students she was waiting question paper to be held in her hand. When she got the paper and read it she was happy to know that she know all the required answer. She solved her paper with full confidence. Similarly, she took all the papers with full confidence.
After ending exam she has to wait few days for result. Finally the board announced the result date. At result announcement day principal of the school called the students in school. At result day, Ayesha was upset with the fear of result, “what is going to happen?”, she thought. In my point of view its reality everyone becomes upset at the day of result announcement. Similarly, Ayesha was also upset. When class incharge with principal reached in class to announce the result, every student including Ayesha was staring at their face.
Class incharge announced the result. Ayesha topped the class and also took first position in board. She was very happy to listen about her achieved position. Her family and her teachers were happy about her achievement.
Q2. Read the following article “Yellowstone Makes a Triumphant Return Ten Years after Fires” by Bruce Babbitt, Former Secretary of the Interior, and answer the questions given at its end. (5*2=10 Marks)
What a difference a decade makes. Ten years ago this month, Yellowstone National Park was a sea of flames; some of the largest wildfires in U.S. history swept restlessly across the park’s magnificent terrain, incinerating forests, threatening historic buildings. The news media and politicians fanned the flames even higher. Yellowstone, they said, was devastated.
Night after night, horrific images of ash and flame flashed across America’s TV screens. One evening, after showing an enormous expanse of blackened forest, network news anchor Tom Brokaw solemnly concluded, “This is what’s left of Yellowstone tonight.”
But guess what? Fire didn’t destroy Yellowstone. Ten years later, we realize fire had the opposite effect. Fire rejuvenated Yellowstone. Elk and other wildlife are healthy. Tourism is thriving. Biodiversity is booming. New forests are rising from the ashes of old ones. The recovery is so dramatic it deserves a closer look.
First, a bit of background: The 1988 fires were gigantic. They swept over roughly 793,000 of Yellowstone’s 2.2 million acres—one third of the park. Some were lightning-caused; others were of human origin. The $120 million firefighting effort amassed against them has been called the largest in U.S. history. The heroic work saved many key structures. But in the wild lands, it made almost no difference. What put Yellowstone’s fires out was not retardant-dropping planes or armies of firefighters on the ground. It was a quarter inch of autumn rain.
In July and August, as fires raged across the park, business owners fumed. Our future is ruined, they said. Tourism is dead. But today, tourism is very much alive. Yellowstone has set numerous visitation records since 1988. Fire has not repelled tourists; it has attracted them—just as it attracts many species of wildlife. Ten years later, the number one question asked of Yellowstone naturalists remains “What are the effects of the fires?”
The answer is simple: The fires were therapeutic. Since 1988, some seventy scientific research projects have looked at various aspects of the Yellowstone fires. Not one has concluded the fires were harmful. That sounds too good to be true. But it is. The science is there to prove it.
Come to Yellowstone this summer and see for yourself. Pull off the road near Ice Lake, east of the Norris Geyser Basin. Here the fire burned especially savagely. Hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, of mature lodgepole pine trees were destroyed. But today, the forest floor is a sea of green, knee high lodgepoles planted, literally, by the fires of 1988.
Yellowstone’s lodgepole forest is a place of mystery. In order to live, it must first die. It must burn. The fire that swept through here worked an ancient magic: It scorched lodgepole cones, melted their sticky resin, and freed the seeds locked inside. Within minutes, a new forest was planted.
By suppressing wildfire, as Smokey Bear has taught us to do, we interrupt nature’s cycles. We rob our western forests of something they need desperately. We steal their season of rebirth. Without fire, pine forests grow senile, prone to disease, and unnaturally thick. There are lessons in these lodgepoles. Too much protection is no virtue. We can harm what we try to save. I’m not suggesting that we worship fire—that we let it run wild outside of natural parks and wilderness areas. But we can respect its wisdom. We can treat it, when possible, as an ally, not an enemy, and use it more frequently under controlled conditions to protect communities and make forests healthier.
Look closely around Ice Lake and you will almost surely see something else: wildlife. Bison, elk, mule deer, white-tailed deer, bighorn sheep, and mountain goats have all prospered since 1988. Just as fire rejuvenated lodgepoles, so, too, did it revitalize plants that grazing animals eat. Walt Disney got it all wrong: Bambi and his forest friends have nothing to fear—and much to gain—from fire.
If you’re lucky, you may also see Yellowstone’s king of beasts: the grizzly bear. To a grizzly, wildfire is a meal ticket. Fires kill trees, which fall to the ground and fill up with insects: grizzly sushi. Others enjoy the feast, too. Before 1988, three-toed woodpeckers were almost nonexistent in Yellowstone. After 1988, one ornithologist spotted thirty in one day. But dead lodgepoles are more than lunch counters; they are housing opportunities, home sites for mountain bluebirds, tree swallows, and other “cavity-nesting” birds and mammals.
Ten years ago, the news media said fire “blackened” Yellowstone. Today, we know the reverse is true. Fire has painted the park brighter, added color and texture to its ecosystem, and increased the diversity and abundance of its species. As Yellowstone scientist John Varley put it recently, “The biodiversity story over the past ten years has been fascinating. Biodiversity has gone through a revolution at Yellowstone.”
1. Explain how nature can sometimes repair itself; support your explanation by citing a detail from the given text. (Word limit: 50 words max.)
Nature has sometimes shown a remarkable ability of repairing. After burning of Yellowstone National park, a quarter of an inch of autumn rain extinguished the fire. This park again grownup as it has been described by the writer, “Lodgepole cones were able to open up, trees were filled with bugs bringing animals back and trees also provided shelter”
2. Which subheading accurately reflects the information in paragraphs 1 and 2?
- Effects of the Yellowstone Fire
- Tourism Since the Yellowstone Fire
- News Media Dramatically Reports Fire
- Biodiversity in Yellowstone Since the Fire
3. What technique of paragraph development was used by the writer?
- Cause and Effect
4. What is the intended effect of the rhetorical question used in paragraph 3?
- To produce an echoing sound when read aloud
- To serve as a topic sentence
- To stimulate reader interest
- To create patterns of stressed and unstressed syllable
5. Which sentence is a detail from the passage intended to convey that the population of wildlife such as three-toed woodpeckers actually increased after the fire?
- After the danger passed, wildlife returned.
- Downed trees created a habitat that sustained a food chain.
- Tourism decreased, minimizing the danger to woodpeckers.
- After the fire, predators of birds abandoned the forest floor.