Q.1 Read the following passage and answer the questions below: (10)
Education of man does not begin at school, it begins at birth. It ends, not when he graduate from the university, but at this death. Hence education is a life-long process. “Any modification brought about in the behavior of an individual as a result of his interaction with the environment constituted learning.” The child learns through his experience. It goes on forever without any break or barrier. Thus education becomes an active and dynamic process. It is much more than schooling, memorizing or learning a prescribed syllabus. Therefore, J.S. Mackenzie rightly says, “education is a process that goes on through out life, and is promoted by almost every experience in life.” When the learner comes in contact with real situation, he utilized all his past experiences that are relevant to it and gains new experiences. Thus the child goes on reconstructing experiences throughout the whole life. Therefore, education is considered by the educationists as an active and dynamic process.
After carefully reading the above text, choose the correct option from the following:
1) In this passage, the tone of the author can best be described as
2) What is the running idea of the paragraph?
A. Education is necessary for the society
B. Learning comes through education only
C. Age is an important factor in education
D. Education is a life long process; from both formal and informal ways of life
3) The key word education is used as …..
4) How does a child get education in his life?
A. Through interaction with the environment
B. Through memorizing or learning a prescribed syllabus
C. Through experience
D. Through schooling and utilizing each experience in life.
5) What is the similar word of dynamic from the paragraph?
B. Full of life
Q.2 Write the most relevant topic, main idea and supporting ideas from the following passage. (5)
Discontent is an ugly thing. It brings nothing but unhappiness. A discontented man is unhappy himself, and his constant grumbling and bad temper make all round him unhappy too. He is always comparing his lot with the lot of those better off than himself. His envy of them makes him bitter. He hates others for their greater success and prosperity. He is a miserable wretch.
Every one knows discontent is not good for anyone. There are many problems related to our life by which we become unhappy. Do you know what it means to be discontented? It is very difficult to understand discontent, because most of us canalize discontent in a certain direction and thereby smother it. That is, our only concern is to establish ourselves in a secure position with well-established interests and prestige, so as not to be disturbed. It happens in homes and in schools too. The teachers don’t want to be disturbed, and that is why they follow the old routine; because the moment one is really discontented and begins to inquire, to question, there is bound to be disturbance. But it is only through real discontent that one has initiative. If we want to be really happy we have to be brave & boasted man