In your point of view what challenges HRD professional are facing which directly affect their present working environment? What additional challenges do you foresee affecting HRD?
Solution: Human resources departments face significant challenges as their roles become broader and more strategic in the early 21st century. HR is more than a basic function that involves hiring, training and retaining employees. It is a key element in developing a workforce that aligns with the mission and vision of a business. With increased relevance comes increased obstacles.
Talent management is the term used to describe the HR process of hiring and retaining top employees. Human resource professionals themselves anticipate that retaining the best employees will be the greatest HR challenge in 2022, according to a November 2012 poll by the Society for Human Resource Management. Employees have a tendency to job hop as economic challenges make it difficult for companies to maintain high levels of pay over time.
The SHRM poll and a similar one in 2010 by PricewaterhouseCoopers both indicated leadership development was a key HR concern and challenge. As companies grow and expand, developing leaders who are promotable is important. Leadership development also connects to retention in two ways. Employees often indicate poor manager leadership as a reason for leaving jobs. Additionally, employees want more active leadership roles in decisions within their departments and jobs, which may necessitate training. Unfortunately, businesses sometimes struggle to come up with the budgets necessary for strong employee training and development programs that emphasize leadership and growth.
Human resources plays an active role in the development of an organizational culture. Increased diversity contributes to the challenge of building a cohesive culture. While people from different backgrounds bring fresh ideas and perspectives, differences also contribute to the prevalence of conflict. Cultural variance in values and rituals affects the abilities of employees to find commonality, which is important to communication. Cross-cultural teams and diversity management are tools used by HR to positively impact a diverse workplace.
Lack of technical talent has made it difficult for companies to fill specialized positions. Even during periods of high unemployment, technical and technology-driven companies find a shortage of employees with the training and competencies to perform in niche jobs. This has caused some HR departments to collaborate with local colleges in the development of courses and training programs to help them fill needed roles.