ISL201 Assignment 1 Solution Spring 2017

Human societies are identified on different class systems. It is based on profession, wealth, education, age or sex. But Islam does not recognize such systems at all and gives equal rights to all. You have to explain the basic principle on which people are differentiated in Islam

Question#01    Answer

                In the Name of ALLAH, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

As clearly defined in the question that there is no classification of  peoples or human societies on the basis of  profession, wealth, education or any other traits of individuals or society in Islam. In Islam there is no one who is high among the others but there is only one Principle which decides who is the most honorable in the sight of Allah is he who has most taqwa among of others.

Allah (S.W.T) says in surat Al-Hujurat, (verse 13), what be translated as, “O Mankind! We have created you from a male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of  you in the sight of  Allah is he who has  most taqwa among of you. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.”

With this verse, Islam declares equality among people, that is because Islam respect a human for being a human not for any other reason. Islam doesn’t distinguish between two races, or two groups of people, or  between two colors.

Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W) addressed the people signifying that concept during the last pilgrimage, saying

“O People! Your GOD is one, your father is one, no preference of an Arab neither  over non-Arab  nor of  a non-Arab over an Arab or red over black or black over red except for the most righteous. Verily the most honored of you is the most righteous”

Not only did Islam emphasize the equality principle theoretically, but did it practically in some of worship acts that translated this principle into a sensible fact that does not escape from people minds, in the mosque where Friday prayer is held once every week, as well as the five daily prayers equality is exercised practically and all differences vanishes among peoples. That is, whoever came to the mosque first, took his place in the front rows despites his financial states or position and who come late he will place in back rows, as he is poor or rich, Arab or non Arab, knowledgeable or having no knowledge there is no difference.

Question#02    Answer 

  1. What is atonement (kaffara) for breaking Fast of Ramadhan deliberately?

According to Hadith, a person who breaks his fast intentionally is obliged to fast 60 days successively. This is fard (compulsory) for that person. Besides he/she has to perform qadha for the spoiled fast.

  1. What is expiation (kaffara) for breaking Optional Fast (Nafl roza)?

The ruling for a person who breaks a nafl(optional) fast for any reason is that it is compulsory upon the self to do a make up for that given broken fast.

  1. What amount of fidyah to be paid by one who is unable to fast for the reason of too old age?

If one cannot fast due to old age then one must feed sixty poor persons for a day(i.e two meals a day is equivalent to fidyah)