ISL201 Assignment 2 Solution Spring 2017

Question .1:

Rights of parents in Islamic literature

  1. Being kind and good

Being good and kind with one’s parents Is an obligation in Islam. It is commanded by Quraan and sunnah and consensus of Muslim scholars.

Allah says (interpretation of meaning)

“Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good with parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masaakeen (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful“                                   [4:36]

  1. Obedience

Obedience can take many forms such as, dealing with them kindly, talking care of them, being polite with them and preferring their needs and desires

The Prophet said:

“May his nose be rubbed in dust, may his nose be rubbed in dust, may his nose be rubbed in dust i.e. May he humiliated, (He said this thrice), who found his parents, one or both, approaching old age, but did not enter Paradise.”            [Muslim].

  1. Say not “off” to them

Saying the word of “off” is showing disgust, so this kind word such that can show disgust or hatred is allowed in Islamic society, being polite and kind with them is compulsory, especially when they become aged and old.

Allah Says (Interpretation of meaning):

“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honor. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.”                                               [17: 23, 24].

  1. Be thankful to them:

The existence of a someone because their parents, the name of someone because of their parents. without parents the men is nothing, his name, famousness. so being thankful to them is obligation of the society and also in Islamic culture. someone say:

“who is thankful his parents surely he is thankful to his Lord “

  1. Respect & Make them Happy

Giving them respect and making them happy is necessary part of social ethical and parent rights in Islam. Prophet says PBUH

“رضا الله فى رضا الوالدين “

“Allah will be happy if your parents are happy with you”.

 

Question .2:

Brotherhood in Islam has a glorious meaning, Islam established deep roots for it.

  • Allah (S.W.T) says (Interpretation of the meaning):

“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion).”

  • Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him) said:

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,

“Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of false tales. Do not look for other’s faults. Do not spy one another, and do not practice Najsh (means to offer a high price for something in order to allure another customer who is interested in the thing). Do not be jealous of one another and do not nurse enmity against one another. Do not sever ties with one another. Become the slaves of Allah, and be brothers to one another as He commanded. A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He should neither oppress him nor humiliate him. The piety is here! The piety is here!”. While saying so he pointed towards his chest. “It is enough evil for a Muslim to look down upon his Muslim brother. All things of a Muslim are inviolable for his brother in Faith: his blood, his wealth and his honour. Verily, Allah does not look to your bodies nor to your faces but He looks to your hearts and your deeds.

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