Zakat is one of the “five” pillars of Islam. Muslim believes that paying Zakat not only purifies their wealth but also increase its value. In this way paying Zakat is a common practice in a Muslim society. Keeping in mind the topic of Zakat you have to discuss the following questions.
1: What is meant by “Nisab” in terms of Zakat? Marks 5
A: shari’at has fixed a certain quantity or standard of valuables on possession of which zakat becomes fard. Zakat becomes fard when one owns valuables in that quantity or standard. This standard or quantity is called nisab .
2: Does an individual can pay Zakat to its dependents i.e. (wife, children’s, parents, Grandparents, Grandchildren’s etc.) and relatives other than dependents. Marks 5
NO way, Just we can spend/pay charity to our dependents. The legal dependents may not illegible to received zakat from us.
Recipients of charity: Charity starts with one’s own family and dependents and extends to relatives, to the poor and the needy of the community, to widows and orphans, debtors, travellers, those who strive or who migrate in the cause of God, and finally to any others in need.
“They ask thee what they should spend ( in charity) .Say: What ever of your wealth you spend shall be for the parents and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the traveller; and whatever good you do, verily, God has full knowledge of it.” (2:215; also 9:60)
5. RECIPIENTS OF ZAKAT
Those who are eligible to receive zakat are mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.
“The alms are only for the poor, the needy, those who collect them, those whose hearts are to be reconciled, to free the captives and the debtors, for the cause of God, and for the travellers; a duty imposed by God. God is All-Knowing, AII-Wise.” (9:6ql
It should be remembered that these categories of persons who are to be helped by zakat were laid down fourteen hundred years ago. They are equally applicable to our own time.
I. The poor: Those who does not have anything to support themselves .
2. The needy: Those people who have some income or earnings but it is not enough to provide them with basic needs.
3. Zakat collectors: The salaries of these workers may be paid from this fund.
4. Converts: Those people who have embraced Islam and . Attempts should be made to settle them in a normal life.
5. People who are not free: This category would include payment of ransom for freeing Muslim salves from slavery from their owners.
6. Debtors: People who are unable to pay debts incurred due to pressing lawful needs.
7. Wayfarers and travellers: Those people who are rendered helpless out side their city.
8. In the Cause of Allah
In the wider sense, this channel of distribution covers all methods of promoting the Islamic faith, whether through Jihad, propagating the enactment of the Islamic legislation or defending Islam through the intellectual confrontation against its opposing hostile trends.
This channel of distribution includes the following:
a. Financing Jihad activities to spread Islam and repel enemies attacks against Muslim countries.
b. Supporting fruitful individual and collective efforts aiming at spreading Islamic rule, establishing Islamic law, and resisting plans to marginalize Islam and its law.
c. Financing the Islamic centers and mosques established in non-Muslim countries, directed by faithful men with the aim of adopting valid methods to spread Islam in these countries.
d. Financing the serious efforts exerted to support the Muslim minorities under non-Muslim rule.
3: Describe the purposes for which the amount of Zakat can be used. Marks 10
Zakat can be spent for the following eight purposes:
(i) It may be given to poor person, who does not possess actual or potential means to meet his own expenses, as well as that of his family for a period of one year. However, a person who has an art or possesses property or capital to meet his expenses, is not classified as poor.
(ii) It may be paid to a miskin (a destitute person) who leads a harder life than a Faqir (a poor person).
(iii) It can be given to a person who is a Wakil of Holy Imam (A.S.) or his representative to collect Zakat, to keep it in safe custody, to maintain its accounts and to deliver it to the Imam or his representative or to the poor.
(iv) It can be given to those non-Muslims who may, as a result, be inclined to Islam, or may assist the Muslims with the Zakat for fighting against the enemies, or for other justified purposes. It can be given to those Muslims also whose faith in the Prophet or in the Wilayat of Amirul Momineen is unstable and weak, provided that, as a result of giving, their faith is entrenched.
(v) It can be spent to purchase the slaves to set them free, the details of which have been given in its relevant Chapter.
(vi) It can be given to an indebted person who is unable to repay his debt.
(vii) It may be spent in the way of Allah for things which has common benefit to the Muslims; for example, to construct a mosque, or a school for religious education, or to keep the city clean, or to widen or to build tar roads.
(viii) It may be given to a stranded traveller.
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