ISL201 Islamic Studies Assignment Solution Fall 2012

No doubt, according to the literal concept of “Masjed”, it is place of prostration and generally it is known as House of
Allah (SWT). Concept and practice of “Ibadah” is also present in other religions. Muslims invest Millions and Billions to
construct beautiful and vast mosques.
Mosques play an important role in our social life. In earlier era of Islam it was used as center of many different social
activities including administrative and judicial matters. But at the same time, Worldly talks are strictly prohibited in
mosques according to the teachings of Islam. Keeping in view these two contradictory situations, you have to analyze:
1. What is meant by Worldly talks which are prohibited in mosques?

Solution:

Worldly talks : Worldly talks include all those topics which are out of the context of Islam. These include political, economic, social, and other aspects of day to day life. As mosque is a sacred place, therefore worldly talks are prohibited here. Worldly talks can deviate the attention of persons from worship to worldly affairs, due to which the environment of the mosque loses its purity.

Praise be to Allaah.
Al-Haakim reported in al-Mustadrak (4/359) that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘There will come a time when people will sit in circles in the mosques and they will have no concern except this world. Allaah has no need of them so do not sit with them.’” This is a saheeh hadeeth even though al-Bukhaari and Muslim did not narrate it. Al-Dhahabi said in al-Talkhees that it is saheeh.”
This hadeeth states that this blameworthy deed is disliked, because the mosques are not built for such a purpose. Allaah commanded that mosques should be built to remember Him and to conduct prayers and acts of worship and obedience to Him, such as I’tikaaf (retreat, seclusion for devotion and worship), and different kinds of dhikr such as circles for reciting Qur’aan and seeking knowledge.
Muslims should beware of doing anything that may offend or disturb those who come to the mosque for worship. This includes disturbing those who are reading Qur’aan, praying or remembering Allaah in the mosque. It is an evil deed (sayi’ah) to disturb the people in the mosque by talking about worldly affairs, because this is offensive to them and distracts Muslims from doing acts of worship properly. Disturbing others is not allowed, even if it takes the form of reading Qur’aan, so how about if it takes other forms? Ahmad ibn Shu’ayb al-Nisaa’i reported in al-Sunan al-Kubra (5/32) under the heading Dhikr Qawl al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Laa yajhar ba’dukam ‘ala ba’din fi’l-Qur’aan (Mentioning the statement of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), None of you should compete with one another in reciting Qur’aan loudly), a report from Abu Haazim al-Timaar from al-Bayaadi, that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out and found the people praying and reciting in loud voices. He said: “The one who is praying is conversing with his Lord, so let him think about what he is saying to Him. Do not compete with one another in reciting Qur’aan loudly.” Ibn Muhayreez (may Allaah have mercy on him) is reported to have said: “Speaking in the mosque is idle talk, except for one who is praying, or remembering his Lord, or asking for help or giving help.” (Musannaf ‘Abd al-Razzaaq, part 8, Baab Kalaam ‘Ikrimah). Ibn al-Haaj said, concerning the manners of the Muslim when he sets out for the mosque: “He should intend to avoid idle talk in the mosque or talking about that which does not concern him, for there is a report that says that speaking in the mosque about anything but the deeds of the Hereafter is like fire in dry wood, it eats up hasanaat (good deeds). So he should take care to avoid that, lest he goes out to engage in trade and comes back having lost everything because of his idle talk.” (al-Madkhal by Ibn al-Haaj, part 1, al-Sunnah fi’l-Mashiy ila’l-Masjid).



2. Can mosques be used for other social activities along with daily prayers?

Mosques are only used for Islamic activities.mosques are made for to worships of God.it is not possible that we used mosques for social activities.

The importance of the Masjid

The masjid/mosque is a place for worship, education, and a refuge from the cares of the world. Best described by Prophet Muhammed , namely that the mosque should be a garden of paradise. According to a hadith, the Prophet advised the building of mosques in a simple style, so that there should be no dissipation or dilution of the true religious and spiritual atmosphere.

Besides the five daily obligatory prayers, there is the weekly Friday prayer which is compulsary and is offered in a Mosque. In practice and content it is like any other prayer, but as a large number of people gather a khutbah, giving religious guidance, is also preached by the Imam before the prayers begin. In this, he reminds worshippers of their accountability to God, the characteristics of a Muslim, and conduct in society. In this way, the Friday sermon refreshes the memory on religious commitments.

Etiquettes in the masjid

Throughout the history of Islam, the mosque has always played an important social role. It has been a place of prayer, a centre of political and social activities, an educational institution, and the focal point of communal life. In Muslim countries, the mosque serves various functions depending on the political and social environment.

The mosque combines religious and social activities that encourage active faith and strong community life. Because Islam preaches unity of the spiritual and the worldly aspects of life, community gatherings and mosque-related activities include both social and spiritual elements. Friday-noon prayer, at the mosque, is the most important socio-religious activity of the community.

Mosque attendance contributes to a Muslim’s sense of religious identity. Although each member brings an entire lifetime of cultural experience into the mosque, separate past experiences seem to fuse as individuals join together on the basis of their common beliefs. Commitment to religious beliefs is one of the strongest factors influencing the preservation of Islamic Identity.

In spite of the spiritual and social aspects of the Mosque, the Mosque still remains a place of sanctity. Cleanliness in all respects is paramount; purity of mind, body, thoughts and actions. Muslims are expected to be in a state of purity (body, mind, and soul), when he or she visits the mosque. In particular, Muslims perform ablution (washing of hands, face, arms, and feet) before performing prayer.

Muslims prostrate in their prayer, and thus the mosque must be clean. Mosques in the UK are carpeted and shoes are removed upon entering. Shouting or raising one’s voice unnecessarily, and using improper or foul language are abhorred.

Modesty in dress is expected for both men and women. Visitors are welcome at mosques; however, visitors who are not familiar with Muslim religious practices should contact the administration of one of the local mosques for information and to arrange visits.

Activties in Mosque

1. The five daily prayers, Friday prayers, Taraweeh and Eid Prayers.

2. Regular and occasional Educational and Social activities such as:
· Weekly variety Dars for women
· Various lectures and seminars by Guest speakers.

3. Ramadan activities are distinctive and intensive because they are: · Well attended by all members of each family on a daily basis for a full month.
· They include: Collective Iftar followed by Maghrib, Isha and Taraweeh prayer, and provides a unique social gathering.

4. Eid prayers are also unique and special because they are well attended by a very large number of families and followed by a collective breakfast and a distribution of free presents to hundreds of children. The Mosque committee extends an invitation to local MP’s and councillors to witness the prayer.

5. Library service for reading as well as for borrowing of books, journals and tapes like library in Faisal Masjid and not sure about Badshahi masjid (Lahori Friends can confirm about it).

6. Organising many courses for learning Arabic, recitation of the Holy Quran and annual competition for the memorisation of the Holy Quran. Currently, the Mosque is planning to set up a regular school for memorising the whole of the Holy Quran.

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