Question No. 1 5 Marks
Democracy is the most powerful form of government. It has also been regarded as the most affective and favorable form of government which requires active participation of the people in the decision making process. Quaid e Azam was also in favor of public participation in the formation of the government. But unfortunately democracy is either totally non existent or its quality is very poor in Pakistan since independence.
Briefly suggest five most affective remedies for the smooth functioning of democracy in Pakistan.
Solution: The factors affecting a country’s prospects for democratic maturation may be internal or external. It is important to note that many of the variables discussed below act as proverbial double-edged swords – alone they can each promote, retard, or obstruct democratization, depending on how, when, and where they play out. Moreover, each factor affects another in a complicated algorithm that often defies replication. This underscores the difficulty of assembling a formula that will ensure movement toward true democracy. One thing nearly all experts agree on is the case-sensitive nature of democratization – the process will be unique in every country, and it is not a foregone conclusion that democracy will be achieved everywhere.
- The Economy
- The Structure, Strength, and Transparency of Government Institutions
- The Electorate
- Civil Society
- The Press
- Democracy Promotion by Other Nations
- Democracy Promotion by Regional and International Organizations
- Global Markets and International Finance Mechanisms
- The Influence of Non-Democratic Nations
Question No. 2 5 Marks
Bangladesh emerged as an independent state on the map of the World after getting independence from West Pakistan in 1971. Briefly analyze at least five main issues that were not properly addressed and led to the creation of Bangladesh.
In the year 1947, india was partitioned and a new nation was formed namely, PAKISTAN, The western part is called West Pakistan , and the Eastern part is called East Pakistan. The language is the main problem between the two Pakistans, since the east Pakistan people speaks BENGALI and the westside speaks PUNJABI, SINDHI, and PUSTU languages. West Pakistan try to dominate the EAST PAKISTAN , which the easterners refused. Another fact is during a parliament election Mr. MUJIBUR REHMAN, a candidate from EAST PAKISTAN won. He was to be elected as prime minister. but the WEst Pakistan side politicians does not agree. Hence the Easterners protested for a separate nation, and India helped them , and the East Pakistan becomes a new nation called BANGLADESH.
Bengali Muslims were oppressed & suppressed by the Hindus therefore they overwhelmingly supported Mr. Jinnah in asking for a separate homeland for them, so much so that On December 30 1906, the annual meeting of Muhammadan Educational Conference was held at Dhaka under the chairmanship of Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk. Almost 3,000 delegates attended the session making it the largest-ever representative gathering of Muslim India. For the first time the conference lifted its ban on political discussion, when Nawab Salim Ullah Khan presented a proposal for establish a political party to safeguard the interests of the Muslims; the All India Muslim League.
India never accepted the partition of 1947 resulting into the creation of East & West Pakistan and right from day one started hatching conspiracies to cut off the eastern wing from the west.It amongst other things created, financed, trained and supported the militants called the Mukti Bahini to target the army and the government and ultimately invaded and annexed East Pakistan.DOWNLOAD SOLUTION HERE