PAK301 Pakistan Studies GDB 1 Solution Spring 2013

How do you see Pak-China relations in the current scenario?

Post your comments after inferring the above topic. Your comments should NOT exceed from 100 to 120 words.


The relations between Pakistan and China are marked by deep rooted strategic harmony that reflects at every level individual, national, and international. The recent visit by the Chinese premier to Pakistan symbolizes the level of importance the Chinese leadership keeps for Pakistan. But unfortunately these relations are not properly translated into a workable mechanism where both could exploit the opportunities equally and sufficiently.

Pakistan and China are two different countries having different cultures, values and ideas. Over the years the mutual trust and understanding between these two neighbours has nurtured the relationship and enriched it day by day to the level of complete mutual harmony. Besides this, both countries are maintaining the relationship at diplomatic level as well as people to people level. The recent visit of Chinese Prime Minister opens a new chapter of bilateral ties and strengthens the traditional relations.

China is Pakistan’s largest trade partner in the world and Pakistan is China’s second largest trade partner in South Asia, after India. Pakistan’s exports to China were worth US$ 3.1 billion and imports worth US$ 9.2 billion in 2012. Bilateral trade between the two countries has reached $12 billion, and both sides are committed to bring it up to $15 billion over the next two to three years. However, there is trade imbalance which is mostly tilted towards China. It needs to be overcome to make the trade flow harmonious. Pakistan needs to chalk out policies which can promote Pakistani exports to Chinese market so that the Pakistani local business community can benefit more. Another aspect of Pak- China economic and trade relation is that the economic exchange is mainly at governmental level which should be rather at micro level. The non-government commerce has been far below its potential which is needed to augment further. There are multiple factors which are directly or indirectly impinging upon the Pakistan’s export to China which are detrimental in some ways to further development of bilateral economic co-operation. In this backdrop, it would be a thaw in these bad economic times to have persistent Chinese economic assistance and support to sustain economic and trade activities in Pakistan. Furthermore, the recent visit is a gesture to improve and promote strategic cooperation and bilateral economic ties. It will also strengthen the connectivity and will help to resolve the looming energy crisis of Pakistan.

People’s Republic of China–Pakistan relations began in 1950 when Pakistan was among the first countries to break relations with the Republic of China on Taiwan and recognize the PRC. Following the 1962 Sino-Indian War, both countries has placed considerable importance on the maintenance of a extremely close and supportive relationship. Since then, the two countries have regularly exchanged high-level visits resulting in a variety of agreements. The PRC has provided economic, military and technical assistance to Pakistan and each considers the other a close strategic ally.

Chinese cooperation with Pakistan has reached economic high points, with substantial Chinese investment in Pakistani infrastructural expansion including the Pakistani deep water port at Gwadar. Both countries have an ongoing free trade agreement. Pakistan has served as China’s main bridge between Muslim countries. Pakistan also played an important role in bridging the communication gap between China and the West.

Diplomatic relations between Pakistan and China were established on 21 May 1951, shortly after the defeat of the Republic Of China in 1949. While initially ambivalent towards the idea of a Communist country on it’s borders, Pakistan hoped that China would serve as a counterweight to Indian influence. India had recognized China a year before, and Indian Prime Minister Nehru also hoped for closer relations with the Chinese. However, with escalating border tensions leading to the 1962 Sino-Indian war, China and Pakistan aligned with each other in a joint effort to counter perceived Indian encroachment. One year after China’s border war with India, Pakistan ceded the Trains-Karakoram Tract to China to end border disputes and improve diplomatic relations.
Due to good relationship with both I hope we can control our electric problem in Pakistan and also open the door of China for Pakistani Students & workers.