PSC201 International Relations GDB 1 Solution Fall 2013

Topic: Diplomacy


Diplomacy can play an important role in establishing ties with countries. It can even defuse tension among states. It helps to end deadlock over the issue through a win-win strategy. In the recent Syrian crises, through diplomacy an acceptable solution was reached between the parties.



Considering the issue of Kashmir state that how diplomacy can help resolve the issue. Discuss by giving your point of view.


India has an edge over Pakistan with regard to the Kashmir dispute due to the former’s strong and effective diplomacy, Kashmir Women Forum chairperson Prof Shamim Shaal said.


She was speaking as chief guest at a function held in connection with Kashmir Solidarity Day at the Government Postgraduate College for Women, 6th Road.


The Kashmiri women representative said the international community was more tilted towards India because of its strong diplomatic manoeuvres.


Unlike this, Pakistan has a weak diplomacy and casual approach towards the issue.


She attributed the hurdles in resolving the dispute to weak diplomacy on the part of Pakistan.


“The tragedy is that ad hoc policies are applied on every issue,” Prof


Shaal said, adding that “towards an issue as serious as Kashmir, we have an adhoc approach”. As a result, the solution remains intractable, she maintained.


She said sensible policies should be adopted to handle the issue, leaving aside emotional approach.


Talking about Indian atrocities on Kashmiris, Prof Shaal said 0.6 million troops stationed in the occupied valley had unleashed a reign of terror. Thousands of Kashmiris have been killed, rendering about 0.12 million children orphan.


Pakistani government as well as the philanthropists should take some practical steps for the rehabilitation of these children, she said.


Speaking on the occasion, the college principal, Munaza Rehman, also stressed on the proper look after of such children. Only verbal assurances and commitment will not work, she said, adding that there was a need for pragmatic steps to settle the orphan Kashmiri children. Even a single rupee contribution in this respect will help rehabilitate these children, she maintained.


Earlier, a speech competition was held between the students of different colleges.


The colleges whose students took part in the contest included Government Degree College for Girls Mohanpura, Government Degree College for Girls Peshawar Road, Government Khadija Omar Inter College for Girls Tench Bhata, Government Degree College for Girls Khayaban-i-Sir Syed and the host college. The students spoke about the Kashmir dispute, highlighting its different aspects and also the plight of Kashmiris.


Ms Hira from the host college got first prize in speech competition, while Asifa Iqbal, also from the host college, bagged first prize in the national song contest. In the end, the chief guest distributed awards among the winners.


United Nations are helping Kashmiri people through every thick and thins of their lives but still the freedom of Kashmiri people is a question which is yet to be answered

United Nations has expressed deep interest to solve the Kashmir India Conflict and has always shown solidarity with the people of Kashmir. After the first war broke out between India and Pakistan in 1947 over Kashmir and no fruitful results came out, India took the matter into the hands of United Nations Security Council on January 1, 1949. Immediately, a ceasefire was ordered between Indian and Pakistani forces. Indian forces took control of most of the area of Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan took control of the area what is now called as “Azad Kashmir” by Pakistan and Pakistan Occupied Kashmir” by the Indians. On January 5, 1948 UNCIP (United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan) further   provided further assistance in the matter by passing Resolutions that the future of Kashmir will be decided by holding a fair and impartial plebiscite. However, both countries failed to stick to the resolution due to a difference in the interpretations of the procedure for plebiscite.

To provide relief to the Kashmiris over the Kashmir India Conflict, in 1951, first post independence elections were held; United Nations passed a resolution that such elections could not be a substitute for plebiscite as in plebiscite a Kashmiri is given full right to choose between Indian or Pakistani authority. Sheikh Abdullah won in these elections but he did not remain fair to Kashmiris and mostly remained with the Indian authorities. All his actions and political moves were related in favor of Indian Union. In 1953, Indian and Pakistani Governments agree to appoint a neutral Plebiscite Administrator by the help of United Nations by the end of 1954.

The services of United Nations to solve the Kashmir India Conflict continues when on 30 October 1956, UN passed a resolution in response to the State Constituent Assembly decision of declaring Kashmir as an integral part of Indian Union. It was declared in the resolution that such resolutions could not decide the future of authority over Kashmir.

Since then, United Nations is providing aids, assistance, and guidance in all the major matters to support the Kashmir India Conflict.  Once again elections were held in 1989 in Kashmir but as they were not justified they give rose to an insurgency in Kashmir. India has also provided some visual proofs to United Nations that these militants are controlled by Pakistan which led to an immediate cessation of some terrorist organizations which Pakistan thought to implement in future. Further in 2008, elections were again held which were declared fair by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Despite the efforts of United Nations to solve the Kashmir India Conflicts, it cannot be resolved until Both India and Pakistan mutually try to solve without considering their own benefits and thinking about Kashmiri people also. The untiring efforts of United Nations seem to be endless, yet there is a question whose answer is still undecided.

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