SOC101 Introduction to Sociology Assignment 2 Solution Fall 2012

Gender discrimination in agricultural activities
Pakistan is an agricultural country. Its economy is based on agriculture that contributes
about 25 % to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Agriculture is the main sector of
employment where total employed labor force is 44.8 %. Males involved in labor force in
agricultural sector are 38.4% and women labor force is 69.9% which is highest as
compared to other sectors. Almost 65.9 % of Pakistan’s population is living in rural
areas that are directly and indirectly rely on agriculture for their livelihood. It is generally
accepted that over 50% of the world’s population is women and their participation is
indispensable to address the imperative issues of new era. In this regard, they also face a
lot of challenges. Women in Pakistan has no exception in this context, women in the rural
areas of Pakistan are facing a number of challenges ranging from lack of access to
education and resources, property rights, skill development to gender discrimination in
the labor markets.
Therefore this assignment is planned with the objectives:
• To analyze the factor influencing women participation in agriculture activities.
• To determine the involvement and decision making power of the rural women in the agricultural activities
• To identify various problems faced by women in performing agriculture activities.
Activity:
In order to measure the given objectives, you are supposed to visit any nearest village and perform the following activity by asking questions from 3 women participating in agriculture sector:
Questions:
1. What kind of activities you perform usually in agriculture (production, harvesting, supporting activity (which type of support) or any other)
2. How do you participate in agricultural activities (directly or indirectly, probe to get details)?
3. Do you think that your efforts are properly recognized by your house members and people around? ( Ask in details)
4. Highlight various problems which you may face in performing agriculture activities in your area (need a women perspective).

After getting the required information, you are supposed to prepare a report consist of:
• Introduction (village name, number of women interviewed, age of women, activities they performed in agriculture sector) (4)
• Questions analysis (15)
• Conclusion and recommendation (6)



Questions:
1. What kind of activities you perform usually in agriculture (production, harvesting, supporting activity (which type of support) or any other)
In crop production activities we play our role by cotton picking., wheat harvesting and drying of agriculture produce.they also take care of crops, and also involve in distributed fertilizers in the field.

2. How do you participate in agricultural activities (directly or indirectly, probe
to get details)?

we participate in agricultural activities directly and indirectly both situation. In direct sitation we go to field, cotton picking., wheat harvesting. In indirectly we stay at home , serve to our men, enourge them, advice them , help them , support them and perform all activties at home regarding agriculture.


3. Do you think that your efforts are properly recognized by your house
members and people around? ( Ask in details)

Most probabaly credit goes to men, but it s a fact , agriculture is incomplete without us. There are many task that can only perform a woman effictivly . Some time our efforts recognized and admired, but mostly credit goes to man. As Pakistan community boy has prefence on girl , so at house and field man is always preferd.
4. Highlight various problems which you may face in performing agriculture activities in your area (need a women perspective).
Ther are many problems , like over work becuase a woman work at home, care of childern , husband and family and also work in fields, when performing a griculture activity like cotton picking , nothing for proper security. A theart of diseses . and also dealling with snakes etc… and no proper galves for picking cotton , no proper things for harvesting etc…

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