SOC401 Cultural Anthropology Assignment 2 Solution Spring 2013

In the city of United States, Los Angeles, a minister walked hand in hand with his seven years old daughter to an elementary school four blocks away from their home. The minister wanted to enroll his daughter Linda Brown in the second grade, but the school refused to admit her. Instead, public schools officials required her to attend another school two miles away. This meant that she had to walk six blocks every day to a bus stop, where she sometimes waited half an hour for the bus. In bad weather, Linda Brown would be soaking wet by the time the bus came; one day she became so cold at the bus stop that she walked back home. Why? She asked her parents, why could not she attend the school only four blocks away?
The answer——– difficult for loving parents to give their child—— was Linda Brown’s introduction to the fact that her skin color made her second cla ss citizen in American society.
Keeping in mind the above given case of Linda Brown, answer the following questions:
1. If a person of different race like Linda Brown is viewed as inferior, she is inevitably going to end up at the bottom of the social ladder. Do you think the same? Explain logically. (08)
Solution: American society possesses a number of examples of achieved status. In America, it is culturally acceptable (if you have the necessary resources) to begin life at the low end of the social ladder and to work your way up, by means of achieving a proper education, making useful social connections, and getting promoted within your career. Achieved status is not a position that a person is born into, but rather, it is attained through effort; this includes becoming an Olympic athlete, a doctor, or even a criminal. Although this struggle from the low end of the social ladder to the upper has become ingrained in the idea of America (The American Dream), the actual occurrence of someone rising from lower class to higher class is extremely rare.

2. Why racial discrimination still exists and remains a matter of serious social concern? (07)


Race discrimination involves treating someone (an applicant or employee) unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or because of personal characteristics associated with race (such as hair texture, skin color, or certain facial features). Color discrimination involves treating someone unfavorably because of skin color complexion.

Race/color discrimination also can involve treating someone unfavorably because the person is married to (or associated with) a person of a certain race or color or because of a person’s connection with a race-based organization or group, or an organization or group that is generally associated with people of a certain color.

Discrimination can occur when the victim and the person who inflicted the discrimination are the same race or color.

Race/Color Discrimination & Work Situations

The law forbids discrimination when it comes to any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, fringe benefits, and any other term or condition of employment.

Race/Color Discrimination & Harassment

It is unlawful to harass a person because of that person’s race or color.

Harassment can include, for example, racial slurs, offensive or derogatory remarks about a person’s race or color, or the display of racially-offensive symbols. Although the law doesn’t prohibit simple teasing, offhand comments, or isolated incidents that are not very serious, harassment is illegal when it is so frequent or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment or when it results in an adverse employment decision (such as the victim being fired or demoted).

The harasser can be the victim’s supervisor, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, or someone who is not an employee of the employer, such as a client or customer.

Race/Color Discrimination & Employment Policies/Practices

An employment policy or practice that applies to everyone, regardless of race or color, can be illegal if it has a negative impact on the employment of people of a particular race or color and is not job-related and necessary to the operation of the business. For example, a “no-beard” employment policy that applies to all workers without regard to race may still be unlawful if it is not job-related and has a negative impact on the employment of African-American men (who have a predisposition to a skin condition that causes severe shaving bumps).

3. Do you think, if everyone in a society will be treated equally then we will be able to diminish racism. Explain in the context of Pakistani society. (10)

in the UK where I live there has been discrimination by members of the right towards eastern European economic migrants workers.
These white Polish workers are the same race as us British .
This kind of awful discrimination although not technically racist is no less worse.

World revolution is very difficult to achieve while discrimination exists as discrimination divides the worlds working class which is exactly how capitalism survives and prospers.

Workers through out the world are so often so poor that they are easy to exploit by being hired and fired for quick profits to make the rich even richer and powerful.
This especially in times of world recession when employers have such a large pool of desperate ready and waiting workforces to choose from.

Therefore we must all treat one another equally and start to unite.
We must resist the capitalists profit making methodologies and fight them together to save our jobs our schools ,our healthcare ,our pensions and so on.

We must avoid falling into the trap of fighting among ourselves and falling for the right wing propaganda lies that want us to believe such absolute crap like the immigrants are taking our jobs.
Women still so often get treated as cheap second class workers or they get sexually objectified or are mad to feel inadequate if they don’t confirm to the social norms of sexiness or size that the capitalist system throws at them.
Homosexuals, lesbians and the transgendered people are so often labelled as evil or inferior and deserve are open to being persecuted by the church or homophobes.
Mental health is rife.
Prisons especially in the US are crammed with with disadvantaged criminalised people that are often locked up for no real fault of their own.
So many are victims of being brought up in near poverty in apparently the riches country in the world.
Then they are forced to work like slaves and be exploited for profit by the wealthy at the same time robbing workers outside the prisons of valuable employment.

We must fight the same evil government as well as the warmongering British government and do everything we can to support the Afghan working class in their struggle.