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STA630 Research Methods Assignment 1 Solution Spring 2013

SCENARIO
“We are surrounded by research”. The statement is highlighting the importance, scope and application of this course. To access the application of this course one needs to make observations. For that purpose, when we look around we find that the topic mostly discussed everywhere is the General elections which are going to be held on May 11, 2013 in which vote casting hot topic in news, social media and other public domains. Among many, six are the popular parties that are very hopeful for their success in upcoming elections for their manifesto. However, the general public seems divided in terms of vote casting on its own several factors.People have different intention and preferences to cast vote for a particular party. Some of the major factors that can become cause of vote casting are; party affiliation, ethnicity and age. Majority of the people also want to cast vote in order to endorse the party’s ideology. Some are intended towards issues country is currently facing and want to cast vote to solve those issues. Besides the above mentioned factors, there are certain other aspects that can either enhance or modify the intention of public to cast vote. These aspects are; promotional campaigns of parties and fear of terrorism (which can reduce the number of votes). Politics in Pakistan is assumed to be uncertain; however, above mentioned factors can develop varying intentions of people regarding vote casting. Anyhow, if the upcoming election held on due date successfully and whatever the results of these election come but one thing is positive outcome and that is the continuity of the democracy is prevailing in the country.
ACTIVITY
After reading the above scenario carefully, answer the following questions precisely and appropriately.
1. Determine five independent variables and give justification. 05
2. Determine dependent variable/s and give justification. 02
3. Determine moderating variable/s and give justification. 04
4. Make a directional hypothesis. 03
5. Make a descriptive hypothesis. 03
6. If you as a researcher want to predict which political party will be successful in election then what method of data collection you will use and what will be the time dimension?

Solution: 

Question # Question Answer Justification
1 Determine 5 independent variables and give justification.

 

  1. party affiliation
  2. ethnicity and age
  3. party’s ideology
  4. issues country is currently facing
  5. promotional campaigns
By definition these variable have effect on below dependant variables i.e party’s affiliation can effect the peoples intention to cast the vote. Similarly people of same ideology can join for the gain of same cause
2 Determine dependent variable/s and give justification.

 

  1. preference to cast vote
  2. Number of vote
  3. politics in pakistan
By definition these variables are dependant on above independent variables

i.e people of same ideology and there affiliation to some party on this ideology can cause to cast vote to it.

3 Determine moderating variable/s and give justification.

 

Fear of terrorism

 

Successfully held elections on due date

It automatically reduces the vote casting ratio because the voter feels insecure to go out for vote casting.

 

This will have a great impact on the nourishment of democracy in Pakistan

4 Make a directional hypothesis.

 

Continuity of democracy is positively related to the usefully held elections  
5 Make a descriptive hypothesis.

 

  Mojority of people cast vote in order to endorse the party’s ideology and similarly the problems face by the people also one of the main cause of vote casting
6 If you as a researcher want to predict which political party will be successful in election then what method of data collection you will use and what will be the time dimension?

 

  The method will be based on interviews and surveys

 

Time dimension will be longitudinal as it is about to observe the change.

 

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